What's to eat?
 
 

Children and Nutrition

Proper nutrition begins at the supermarket with the foods you buy and continues at home as you prepare and serve meals.  Giving your child a healthy start with good eating habits promotes his or her lifelong health.  A variety of foods provides the nutrients that young children need to build strong bodies and stay healthy.  Food also supplies the energy that children need to grow normally, play, learn, and explore the world around them.  The American Academy of Pediatrics encourages families to think of their nutritional decisions as health decisions.

Infant Feeding Chart

Foods     


0-4 months       


 4-6 months      

6-8 months  

9-12 months 

12 months 

Breast milk or Full Year
Infant Formula

5-10 feedings/day 17-32 fluid ounces a day

4-7 feedings/day, 26-40 fluid ounces a day

3-5 feedings/day, 26-33 ounces a day

3-4 feedings/day = 16-30 fluid ounces/day
*No wheat prior to 9 months.
*Can start yogurt now.

3-4 feedings/day, 16-24 fluid ounces a day by cup or bottle

Cereals and Breads  None Rice or barley infant cereals (iron fortified) Single grain infant cereals (iron fortified); 3-9 tablespoons, 2 feedings/day. Oven-dried toast or teething biscuits. Infant cereals or plain hot cereals. Toast, bagel, crackers, or teething biscuits. Infant or cooked cereals, unsweetened cereals, whole wheat bread, mashed potatoes, rice, noodles, spaghetti.
 Fruit Juices  None

None 

None 

None 

None 

 Vegetables None None  Strained or mashed, cooked vegetables; dark yellow or orange (not corn), dark green. Start with mild tasting vegetables such as green beans, peas or squash = 1/2-1 jar or 1/4 - 1/2 cup per day   Cooked mashed vegetables  Cooked vegetable pieces, some raw vegetables; carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers
 Fruits None None  Strained or mashed fruits (fresh or cooked), mashed bananas, applesauce = 1 jar or 1/2 cup per day   Peeled soft fruit wedges; bananas, peaches, pears, oranges, apples All fresh fruit peeled and seeded or canned fruits packed in water
Protein Foods None  None  None  Ground or finely chopped chicken, fish and lean meats (remove bones, fat, and skin). Egg yolk, yogurt, and mild cheese.  Cooked dried beans.   Small tender pieces of chicken, fish, or lean meat.  Whole egg, cheese yogurt, cooked beans, peanut butter.


Suggested Portion Sizes and Number of Servings Per Day for Toddlers and Preschoolers

       Portion Sizes Portion Sizes
 Food Group Servings per day Food  Toddlers  Preschoolers 
 Bread, cereal, rice and pasta  6

Bread
Rice, or pasta
Hot or cold cereal 

1/4-1/2 slice
1/4 cup
1/4 cup
1/2 slice
1/3 cup
1/3 cup
 Vegetables Cooked veggies
Raw veggies 
 2 tbsp
2 tbsp
 1/4 cup
1/4 cup
 Fruits  2 Fresh fruit
Fruit juice 
 2 tbsp
1/4 cup
 1/4 cup
1/4 cup
 Milk, yogurt, and cheese 3-4  Milk or yogurt
Cheese 
 1/4 cup
1 oz
3/4 cup
1.5 oz 
 Meat, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, nuts  2-3  Meat
Cooked beans
Egg
Peanut butter
 1 oz
2 tbsp
1/2
1 tbsp
 1.5 oz
1/4 cup
1
2 tbsp